Today their life expectancy is 77 years.
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Hungarians can expect to live six years longer than in , Czechs almost seven. Some countries do better, some far worse, but everywhere the numbers show huge progress.
cinemas in transition in central and eastern europe after Manual
But people are not statistics. Capital cities are thriving, the middle class is prospering; the young cannot imagine a world without the freedoms they have grown up with. But, just as in the West, the wealth that came to some after has not been shared fairly. Services such as health and education have suffered, especially outside of the capitals and big towns, feeding resentment that provides fertile ground for nationalists and populists.
And, while there have been increases in GDP and people are living longer, the same is true of the West. So, while the gap between the two halves of Europe has narrowed, it is far from closing. Now as the world marks the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, the Open Society Foundations asked me to look again at these questions.
Open Society, led by its founder and chair, George Soros, clearly has an interest in the answers, having devoted a vast effort during the s to support the newly emerging democracies of the region and to ease some of the pain of transition. Watch George Soros talk about what the fall of the Berlin wall meant to him. For more than two weeks in September, I travelled to Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Romania, to meet and listen to individuals who played a role in the dramatic days of and —and to activists who were young children back then, but who continue to stand up today for the values of an open society.
In , expectations were huge. But they were also unrealistic. Back in Bucharest again, I met Oana Popescu-Zamfir who runs GlobalFocus, a Romanian think tank; she argues that the race to catch up with the West after has created an inferiority complex too. The advances of the nationalists, the populists, and the corrupt across the region have been well reported.
The NECS Conference in Gdańsk, 12222.
But we have also seen people pushing back. Over the past months, in Romania, Slovakia, and the Czech Republic, tens of thousands of people have taken to the streets to protest against high-level corruption. For him, it means there is hope for the future and that one legacy of the last 30 years remains strong: many countries that underwent transitions in the years after now have characteristics that can be found in any thriving democracy. Built on the Johns Hopkins University Campus.
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Additional Information. An examination of Eastern European cinema a generation after the end of the Cold War.
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Table of Contents. Cover Download Save. Title Page, Copyright pp.